Melatonin is a hormone primarily released by the pineal gland at night, and has long been associated with control of the sleep–wake cycle. That's a pea-sized gland found just above the middle of your brain. As a dietary supplement, it is often used for the short-term treatment of insomnia, such as from jet lag or shift work, and is typically taken by mouth.
- Formula: C13H16N2O2
- IUPAC ID: N-[2-(5-methoxy-1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl]
- Molar mass: 232.28 g/mol
- Elimination half-life: 30–50 minutes
- Other names: N-acetyl-5-methoxy tryptamine
- Source tissues: pineal gland
MELATONIN: Overview, Uses, Side Effects, Precautions. Is it safe to take melatonin? Why is melatonin banned in the UK? Can I take melatonin every night? How does melatonin help you sleep? Melatonin Sleep Aid Supplement: Effectiveness, Dosage. Melatonin is a hormone that your brain produces in response to darkness. It helps with the timing of your circadian rhythms (24-hour internal clock) and with sleep. Being exposed to light at night can block melatonin production. Melatonin side effects: What are the risks?
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