Things to do in Beijing: Great Wall of China (Historic structure winding across China), The Palace Museum (Sprawling palace complex & museum), Summer Palace (Iconic lakeside retreat for royalty), Temple of Heaven (Famed & historic temple complex). Beijing travel guide. Beijing formerly romanized as Peking, is the capital of the People's Republic of China, the world's third most populous city proper, and most populous capital city. History of Beijing · Beijing Subway · Names of Beijing · Geography of Beijing. Find and Compare Exclusive Deals on Hotels in Beijing. Beijing city, province, population, facts, tourist information, time, airport, weather.